Characterisation of ZnO nanoparticles prepared using aqueous leaf extracts of Chromolaena odorata (L.) and Manihot esculenta (Crantz)

Authors

  • Enobong R. Essien Department of Chemical and Food Sciences, Bells University of Technology, Ota, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2379-3640
  • Violette N. Atasie Department of Chemical and Food Sciences, Bells University of Technology, Ota, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5716-2164
  • Davies O. Nwude Department of Chemical and Food Sciences, Bells University of Technology, Ota, Nigeria
  • Ezekiel Adekolurejo Department of Chemical and Food Sciences, Bells University of Technology, Ota, Nigeria
  • Felicia T. Owoeye Department of Chemical and Food Sciences, Bells University of Technology, Ota, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2022/11225

Keywords:

cost-effective technique, ecofriendliness, zinc oxide nanoparticles, Chromolaena odorata, Manihot esculenta

Abstract

Plant-mediated routes for synthesising metal oxide nanoparticles are gaining tremendous attention due to the benefits of the technique: simplicity, cost-effectiveness, and eco-friendliness. We compared the properties of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) made from aqueous leaf extracts of Chromolaena odorata and Manihot esculenta, both of which are abundant on the African continent. The phytochemical composition of the extracts was first assessed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to determine the types of biomolecules involved in the reducing and capping processes that result in ZnONP formation. After that, UV-Vis spectrophotometry, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to study ZnONP formation, morphological characteristics, elemental composition, shape and size properties, and phase composition. The ZnONPs made with Chromolaena odorata leaf extract had a better distribution of spherical and hexagonal forms, with an average particle size of 42.35 nm. The ZnONPs made with Manihot esculenta leaf as a reductant had a particle size of 14.71 nm on average and were more agglomerated with poor particle distribution. Phytosterols were shown to be the most important biomolecules in the reduction and capping reactions, according to GC-MS and FTIR analyses. In this study, we created a cost-effective technique for the synthesis of eco-friendly ZnONPs for diverse applications, particularly in Africa, using Chromolaena odorata and Manihot esculenta leaves.

Significance:

  • This study could provide useful information on how the phytochemicals embedded in Chromolaena odorata and Manihot esculenta could influence the properties of the ZnONPs obtained from them.
  • Differences in morphology and formation yield of ZnONPs are obtainable from aqueous leaf extracts of Chromolaena odorata and Manihot esculenta.
  • Chromolaena odorata and Manihot esculenta could serve as dependable raw materials for the green synthesis of ZnONPs in Africa.

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Published

2022-01-27

How to Cite

Essien, E. R., Atasie, V. N., Nwude, D. O. ., Adekolurejo, E. ., & Owoeye, F. T. (2022). Characterisation of ZnO nanoparticles prepared using aqueous leaf extracts of Chromolaena odorata (L.) and Manihot esculenta (Crantz). South African Journal of Science, 118(1/2). https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2022/11225

Issue

Section

Research Article