Moringa oleifera in South Africa: A review on its production, growing conditions and consumption as a food source

Keywords: acceptability, cultivation practices, moringa, nutrition, production areas

Abstract

Moringa oleifera (moringa) trees excel mainly in tropical and sub-tropical regions and are known to thrive in a wide range of soil types. The recent rise in moringa production in various agro-ecological zones of South Africa could be attributed to its multiple benefits, including nutritional and medicinal properties. Since its introduction as a cultivated crop, there has been a growing interest from farmers, researchers and government on various aspects of the tree such as its morphology, chemistry, growing conditions, production, processing and utilisation. We reviewed the work done on moringa within the South African context in terms of production, growing conditions and cultivation practices. The involvement of government departments on moringa-oriented activities and its consumption as food were also reviewed. In addition, gaps were outlined on its utilisation that need to be addressed, and recommendations provided on what could be done to ensure successful production of moringa in South Africa.

Significance:

  • This review highlights moringa research that has been done on growing conditions, production and human consumption in South Africa.
  • The review further addresses the potential commercialisation of moringa and existing knowledge gaps.
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Published
2021-03-29
Section
Review Article

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