Participants as community-based peer educators: Impact on a clinical trial site in KwaZulu-Natal

Authors

  • Sarita Naidoo HIV Prevention Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
  • Neetha S. Morar HIV Prevention Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
  • Gita Ramjee 1. HIV Prevention Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa 2. Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/sajs.2013/20130037

Keywords:

trial participants, peer educators, community, education, recruitment

Abstract

Participant recruitment, retention and product adherence are necessary to measure the efficacy or effectiveness of an intervention in a clinical trial. As part of a Phase III HIV prevention trial in a rural area in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa, a peer educator programme was initiated to aid in recruitment and retention of trial participants from the community. Enrolled trial participants who had completed at least 6 months of trial participation and who had honoured all of their scheduled trial visits within that period were approached to be peer educators. Following additional selection criteria, 24 participants were eligible to be trained as peer educators. Training topics included HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted infections, nutrition, antiretrovirals, clinical trials, and methods of disseminating this information to the community. The role of peer educators was to bring interested women from their community to the trial site for comprehensive education and information about the trial and possibly trial participation. A total of 1879 women were educated by peer educators between July 2004 and December 2006. Of these, 553 women visited the trial site for further education and screening for participation in the trial. Peer educators provided continuous education and support to women enrolled in the trial which also promoted retention, ultimately contributing to the site’s 94% retention rate. Recruitment and retention efforts of trial participants are likely to be enhanced by involving trial participants as peer educators. Such trial participants are in a better position to understand cultural dynamics and hence capable of engaging the community with appropriate HIV prevention and trial-related messaging.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Published

2013-07-24

How to Cite

Naidoo, S., Morar, N. S., & Ramjee, G. (2013). Participants as community-based peer educators: Impact on a clinical trial site in KwaZulu-Natal. South African Journal of Science, 109(7/8), 5. https://doi.org/10.1590/sajs.2013/20130037

Most read articles by the same author(s)