Revealing the social face of innovation

Authors

  • Tim G.B. Hart 1. Economic Performance and Development, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa 2. Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa
  • Kgabo H. Ramoroka Economic Performance and Development, Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
  • Peter T. Jacobs Economic Performance and Development, Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
  • Brigid A. Letty Institute for Natural Resources, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17159/sajs.2015/20140126

Keywords:

social innovation, inclusive development, rural municipalities, actor-oriented approach

Abstract

Despite the introduction of social innovation in the 1996 White Paper on Science and Technology, the concept of social innovation has not been actively implemented or even diffused outside of the policy arena in South Africa. Perceptions about what the concept of social innovation should encompass are contested and range from ideas of social welfare outcomes, public goods and a primary focus on the poor. More recently, the emphasis has been on inclusive development that embraces and supports the poor as innovators and which incorporates elements of social and economic development. While contestation in terminology persists, evidence from South Africa’s rural areas suggests that although there may be limited state intervention, hampered by structural constraints, and limited understanding of contemporary ideas about innovation and social innovation, local actors practise a variety of forms of social innovation. In most instances, the purpose is to improve social and economic well-being of the poor. Such innovation activities occur almost as widely and as often as strictly commercially oriented innovation activities. However, it is unclear from observed social innovation practices who should benefit from these practices (the poor or everyone), how (directly or indirectly) and when (immediately or gradually). It is suggested that extensive use of the actor-oriented sociological approach to understanding social dynamics in both science and development can provide a means of understanding the subtleties involved in innovation practices and its use should be adopted to address structural challenges within the National System of Innovation that mediate against the contribution of innovations to the poor for inclusive development.

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Published

2015-09-25

How to Cite

1.
Hart TG, Ramoroka KH, Jacobs PT, Letty BA. Revealing the social face of innovation. S. Afr. J. Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Sep. 25 [cited 2021 Dec. 3];111(9/10):6. Available from: https://sajs.co.za/article/view/3762